Glossary of terms and abbreviations often used in the context of open science

AAM Author Accepted Manuscript: the version of an article after peer review (also postprint)

APC Article Processing Charge: payment of a fee for publishing an open access scientific article in a journal or publishing platform

Citizen Science involving other actors outside the field of research, development and innovation (e.g. amateur public researchers) in research

co-assessment one way to involve the public in research

co-creation one way to involve the public in research

co-design one way to involve the public in research

copyright property the right to use a work in its original, otherwise processed or otherwise altered form, alone or in a set, or in conjunction with another work or elements, and the right to grant another person a licence (a contract authorising the exercise of the right to use the work)

Creative Commons a type of public licences

data anonymization the process of concealing the identity of the persons under study or institutions in documents that are the output of scientific research

data stewards data management experts

DMP Data Management Plan: a plan for data management designed to plan procedures for managing research data

DOI Digital Object Identifier: one of the persistent (permanent) identifiers

ECSA European Citizen Science Association

EIZ electronic information resources (electronic journals, article databases, etc.)

EOSC European Open Science Cloud: It aims to build a common research space with freely available services. It is used to store, archive and manage data for reuse, analysis and sharing.

FAIR principles The principles that data and metadata should be findable, accessible, interoperable (readable and machine processable) and reusable

free work a work of authorship whose copyright is not protected (for example, because more than 70 years have passed since the death of the last author)

HANDLE digital object identifier

Interoperability the ability of systems to cooperate or exchange data with another system

IS VaVaI Research, Development and Innovation Information System: collects information on research, development and innovation supported by public budgets in the Czech Republic

ISBN International Standard Book Number: an identifier for books and monographs

ISNI International Standard Name Identifier: an identifier of persons and organisations

ISSN International Standard Serial Number: an identifier for serials and periodicals

linked data data published on the web in machine-readable form. They link to external data sources and allow other data to link to them.

metadata / metadata record structured information (data) describing primary research data or publications

metadata standard Provides a common understanding of the meaning or semantics of data about the objects being described. It therefore enables the correct use and interpretation of data between its owners, electronic systems and users.

Open Access (OA) online access to research outputs that is free to the end user

Open Data information published in a way that allows remote access in an open and machine-readable format, and whose manner and purpose of subsequent use is not restricted

Open Licensing use of public licences to facilitate reuse of publication results and scientific data

Open Notebooks use of open (laboratory) notebooks

Open Peer Review alternative methods of peer review that seek to make the traditional peer review more transparent and accountable

Open Science (OS) an umbrella term for many new practices and goals that are fundamentally changing contemporary science and the communication of its results thanks to the development of digital and communication technologies. The ambition of Open Science is to open up the different phases of the research cycle, thereby increasing the accessibility, transparency, credibility and verifiability of research results and strengthening collaboration. This should contribute to a more effective dissemination of research results and promote the potential for their re-use.

Open Source software with an open source code

OpenAIRE Open Access Infrastructure for Research in Europe: enables open access to research results

ORCID Open Researcher and Contributor ID: an identifier for researchers and other persons

PID persistent identifier: an identifier (such as a numeric code) used to permanently and uniquely identify an entity – a printed or electronic resource, a person, an organisation, etc.

postprint version of an article after peer review (also Author Accepted Manuscript, AAM)

preprint server a server used to publish preprints

preprint version of an article published and publicly shared before peer review

publishing platform a tool for easy and immediate publishing of digital content

RAiD Research Activity Identifier: an identifier for research projects

RDM Reseach Data Management: the careful handling and organisation of research data throughout the research lifecycle

Re3data data repository registry

registered reports one of the practices of open science

repository An information system for the long-term preservation and dissemination of digital objects (research results). It ensures the storage, protection, integrity, authenticity and accessibility of digital objects in the long term.

reproducibility enabling research results to be validated and reused in other research projects by different actors in research, development and innovation

research data a representation of information collected or generated to establish or verify research results

ROR Research Organisation Registry: identifier of research organisations including funders

Sherpa Romeo a database recording the open access policies of publishers and journals

VaVaI Czech abbreviation for research, development and innovation

Version of Record (VoR) publisher version: the final version of the article text


Based on Příručka postupů otevřené vědy (Open Science Procedures Manual). Issued by the OP JAK Managing Authority, published on 20 July 2022 at In Czech.